Laryngoscopy is a procedure that is carried out to:
1. Diagnose a persistent throat pain, bad breath, bleeding, cough or hoarseness.
2. To check inflammation
3. Get rid of foreign objects
4. Diagnosis of difficulties in breathing
5. Evaluation of causes of persistent earache
6. Diagnosis of voice problems such as breathy voice, hoarse voice and others.
Your doctor will discuss with you about the test to be performed, how it will be carried out, the risks involved and the final results you get. You will have all the questions that you might have answered so that you can have an understanding on how the entire procedure will be performed. In most cases, your physician will have your child undergo a physical examination, CT scan or chest X-ray. Your child will also be required to swallow barium while a number of X- rays of the esophagus and larynx are taken. This liquid does not cause any harm and will go through the body within one day or two days. These will assist the physician gain a better understanding of the physical symptoms you child might have.
In case general anesthesia is to be applied, you doctor will advice you not to give your child any food or drink before the examination to prevent vomiting. However, if local anesthesia is used, you child can eat or drink before the exam. The doctor might decide to carry out direct laryngoscopy if your child gags easily or in case the airway below the vocal folds requires to be examined.
Before the procedure, inform your doctors if your child:
1. Has heart complications
2. Is taking any drugs
3. Has allergic reactions to drugs including anesthetics
4. Has bleeding problems or taking blood thinning drugs
5. Has had a recent radiation treatment or surgery to the throat or mouth.
Fiber optic laryngoscopies and indirect laryngoscopy are performed in the physician’s office by use of local anesthetic. The entire process lasts for five to ten minutes.
How the procedure feels
Fiber optic and indirect laryngoscopy
When the physician puts the mirror at the back of your throat, it may lead to gagging. Your child might also feel uncomfortable when the tongue is pulled.
In case local anesthetic is applied, it might have a bitter taste and your child might feel as if his or her throat has swollen. Ask the child to try to breath in the normal way.
For this procedure, your child will sleep fully under the anesthesia and will have no feelings.
Local anesthesia used during the exam, will wear off about half an hour. Your child should not eat anything about two hours until the anesthesia or spray has worn off.
Voice and Throat disorders: Symptomps and Treatment
For voice to be produced, air from the lungs travels up the throat through the trachea and the larynx (voice box) and finally out through the mouth where speech is shaped by the tongue and lips. It is in the voice box that sound is produced when the air passes across the vocal chords which are two fibrous bands, causing them to vibrate.
This process seems to be relatively simple and it is easy to take it for granted. However, any alterations to it can lead to voice disorders which impact your communication with people around you. This can have a dramatic effect on your self-image, your career or education.
Conditions and their symptoms
Voice and throat disorders affect many people. There are a number of conditions that affect the voice and the throat and the major ones include:
- Throat and voice box cancer – Often related to drinking and smoking, it causes hoarseness when the tumor is small but it may lead to shortness of breath as it grows.
- Chronic cough and throat discomfort
- Dry throat and throat clearing
- Lump in the throat and sore throat
- Hoarseness and weakness of voice – Can be caused by vocal polyps, cysts or nodules on the vocal folds, lesions resulting from Papilloma.
At ENT clinic Singapore we are dedicated to provide the best diagnostic and treatment services to anyone having voice and throat problems. We have a team of board licensed and highly skilled ENT specialists known as otolaryngologists who can diagnose and treat your voice or throat condition.
The symptoms for these conditions vary but some common ones that indicate voice and throat disorders include the following:
- Producing strangulated words
- A hoarse voice that continues for more than two weeks
- A burning or stinging sensation in the throat
- Throat spasms
- Experiencing trouble swallowing
- Lump feeling in your throat
- Discomfort in your throat after exerting your voice
- Clearing your throat frequently
If you experience one or a few of these symptoms for an extended period of time, you should visit an ENT specialist Singapore and have an ENT doctor diagnose your problem.
Our ENT specialists make a review of your medical history and then proceed to perform detailed physical exams such as voice-specific screenings.
After a series of diagnostic tests are first performed on you to determine what you are suffering from. Our ENT doctors will then work with you to determine the best form of treatment that can best suit your needs. The form of treatment is dependent on your condition. Some of the treatments we offer at our ENT clinic Singapore include the following:
- Speech therapy
- Full throat video endoscopic examination
- Voice box surgery – Mainly in the treatment of voice box cancer
- Cancer screening of the throat and voice box
- Anti-reflux therapy
Book an appointment now at our ENT clinic Singapore and get in touch with a good ENT doctor who will properly treat your condition.